Order LAMNIFORMES


Common name: Mackeral Sharks
Summary:

A diverse group of seven families, that includes a number of iconic and highly specialized sharks, including the Goblin Shark, the Basking Shark, the Megamouth Shark, the White Shark, nurse sharks and thresher sharks.

Species are found worldwide in tropical and temperate oceanic and coastal waters, often to great depths. Most species are streamlined open-water sharks that swim constantly. All families occur in Australian waters.

Mackeral Sharks have two dorsal fins (without spines) and an anal fin, but lack a nictitating membrane on the eye. They range in size from 1-10 metres.

Author: Dianne J. Bray

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, 2011, Mackeral Sharks , LAMNIFORMES, in Fishes of Australia, accessed 29 May 2016, http://www.fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/order/23

Order References


Compagno, L J.V. 2001. Sharks of the World: An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Shark Species Known to Date, Volume 2; Bullhead, Mackerel and Carpet Sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO. Rome, Italy.

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia Edn 2, 550 pp.

White, W. 2008. Shark Families Heterodontidae to Pristiophoridae. pp. 32-100 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.